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人教新目标版初一英语下册 Unit8 Is there apost office near here Section A1a-2d课件_图文

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Unit 8
Is there a post office near here?
Section A
Period 1 (1a-2d)

Do you know these places?

post office

library

hotel

restaurant

bank

supermarket

pay phone

park

hospital

museum

bridge

police station

street

1a Match the words with the places in
the picture.
1. post office ___f___ 2. police station __a__ 3. hotel ___e____ 4. restaurant ___i___ 5. bank ____c___ 6. hospital ___b___ 7. street __h___ 8. pay phone ___g___
9. park ____d___

关于方位介词
Where’ she?

— Where’s she? — She’s __o_n____ the box.

— Where’s she? — She’s __u_n_d_e_r_ the box.

— Where’s she? — She’s ___i_n___ the box.

— Where’s she? — She’s _in__f_ro_n__t _o_f the box.

— Where’s she? — She’s __i_n_t_h_e_f_r_o_n_t_o_f the box.
后 前

— Where’s she? — She’s _b_e_h_in__d_ the box.

— Where’s she? — She’s _n_e_x_t_t_o_ the box.

— Where is she? —She’s _a_c_r_o_ss__fr_o_m__ the box.

— Where is she?

big

small

— She’s _b_e_tw__e_e_n_t_h_e_b_i_g_b__o_x_a_n_d__th__e_s_m_a_l_l_b_o_x_.

I don’t know where I am, and I have no money. I have to go to the bank to get(取得) some. But I don’t know where the bank is. So I can say:

A: Is there a bank near here(附*)? B: Yes, there is. It’s on Center Street(中央街).
A:Is there a bank on Bridge Street? B:Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.

假如你站在柿铺街问路!
1.请问这附*有餐馆吗? Is there a restaurant near here? 是的,有。它就在柿铺街上。 Yes, there is. It’s on Shupu Street.
2.附*有医院吗? Is there a hospital near here? 是的,有。它就在X街上。 Yes, there is. It’s on X Street.
3.柿铺街上有公园吗? Is there a park on Shipu Street? 不,没有。 No, there isn’t.

1b Listen and circle the places you
hear in 1a.
1. post office ______ 2. police station ____ 3. hotel _______ 4. restaurant ______ 5. bank _______ 6. hospital ______ 7. street _____ 8. pay phone ______ 9. park _______

Make your own dialogue by using the following places.

post office

Long Street

library hotel

Bridge Street

supermarket

Center Street

pay phone

A: Is there a ·····near here?

B: Yes, there is. It’s on ····.

No, there isn’t.

2a Match the sentences with the pictures.
Write each number in the box.
462351

2b Listening
1.The police station is _b_e_tw__e_en__ the restaurant and the hospital. 2.The park is __a_c_ro_s_s_f_r_o_m__ the bank. 3.The hospital is __o_n____ Bridge Street. 4. The pay phone is _n_e_x_t _to_ the post office. 5.The restaurant is i_n__fr_o_n_t_o_f_ the post office. 6.The hotel is _b_e_h_in__d the police station.

2c Ask and answer questions about
the places in 1a on page 43.
Where is the ?
It’s on/in front of/behind/next to/between·····

2d Role-play the conversation.

SA 1a—2b知识点

重要的介词及动词搭配

1. across from ……

在……的对面

2. next to……

紧靠…… ,在···旁边

3. between……and……

在……和……之间

4. in front of……

在……前面

There is a tree in front of the classroom. 课室前面有棵树。

in the front of……

在……里面的前面

There is a desk in the front of the classroom. 课室内的前部有

张桌子。

5. behind……

在……后面

6. on the left/right side of……

在某物的左/右边

on the left side of our school

在我们学校的左边

on one’s left/right

在某人的左/右边

There is a tree on your left.

7. go straight

笔直走

SA 1a—2b知识点

8. go down /along……

沿着……走

go down/along Center Street 沿着中央街走

9. near here 在附*

10. at the beginning of…… ……的开始,前端

11. get to +地方 到达某地

arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing.

arrive at +小地方 I arrive at the bank.

reach +地方 到达某地

12.go across 从物体表面横过

go across the street 横过马路

go through 从空间穿过

go through the forest 穿过树林

13. King Street, Bridge Street 等专有名词前无定冠词the。

14. It’s on Fifth Avenue(在第五大道上)。注意第五大道的写法 。

关于英语中问路的知识 英语问路的方法很多,日常交际用语如下: 1) Where’s the …,please? 2) Is there a …near here(附*)? 3) Which is the way to the…? 4) How can I get to the…? 5) Do you know the way to the…? 6) Can you tell me the way to the…? 7) Can you find the way to the…? 8) I want to go to the …Do you know the way? 9) I’m looking for the…Where is it ,do you know? 10) I can’t find the way to the…. Can you tell me (the way)? 11) Can you tell me how to get to the…?

回答别人的问路,也就是给别人指路时的日常用语如下: 1)回答Where’s the …?(某地在哪,在附*吗?等)可用以下简单的 答语: It’s over there. (就在那) It’s behind the… It’s next to the… It’s in front of the… It’s near the…(在··附*) It’s on the left/right side of the…(在···的左/右侧) It’s on the right/left(它就在···侧) It’s on the other side of the…(在··的另一侧) It’s across from the··· It’s on the···street/road It’s between the A and the B.
2) 回答Which is the way to…please?和How can I get to…?(怎么去) 等问路的话时,可根据具体情况,将下列有关句子组织起来用: It’s about…meters/kilometers from here. (距这里大概···米/千米) turn left/right. (左转/右转) It’s about…meters along on the right/left.(沿左/右侧大概···米的距 离)
Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。

Walk on and turn left/right. (继续走,之后左/右转)
Turn right/left at the traffic lights/crossing. You’ll find the…on the right/left.(在红绿灯/十字路口处左转,你会发现···就在右/左手边。
Go on until you reach the end of the road/street. You’ll see the…in
front of you. (继续走直到你到达道路/街道的尽头,你会看见··就在你前面。) Go along the···road/street.(沿着··路/街道走下去)
Go up/down this street until you reach the 1st/2nd/…traffic lights. (沿着这条街向北/向南(上行/下行)一直走下去直到你到达 第··个交通灯) At the end of the road/street ,you’ll see the…(在路/街道的尽头, 你会看到···) It’s far from here. You can take NO.8 bus.(它距离这很远,你可以 乘坐第8路巴士) It isn’t far. It’s about…minutes’ walk. (距离这不远,大概··分钟的 步行距离) 另外,在问路时,如对方不知道,问路人仍要表示谢意,用 Thank you all the same.同样感谢你

SA 1a—2b知识点

1. Is there a hospital near here? Yes, there is.

这附*有医院吗?

是的,有。

near prep. 在···附* PS:目前介词的两种基本用法:做表语,做状语。 She likes you, so she wants to sit near you. (做状语) There is a bank near my home. (做状语) The bank is near my home.(做表语) My home is near the supermarket. (做表语)

here 在这里,这里 there 在那里,那里 here/there 作为副词. 在句中主要作状语、表语。

状语 1.She is standing here. 2.She comes here. 表语 1.I am here. She is here.

here/there 作为感叹词 作为感叹词,主要常见于口语中,例:
1. Hi, there! 你好! 2. Here, I'll hold this for you. 《阿甘正传》

SA 1a—2b知识点
here/there作为名词
around here/there, over here/there 1. She is around here/there.她在这/那附*。 2. Is there a bank around here? 3. There are some people standing over here/there.有一些人站在
这/那附*。

SA 1a—2b知识点
关于there be 句型 There be ...句型表示的是 “某处有(存在)某人或某物”, 结构为There be (is, are, was, were)+名词+地点状语。其be 动词由最*一个主语来决定be的单复数。当最*一个主语为 单数或不可数名词时,用There is;为复数时,用There are 例如:
There are 52 students in our class .
There is a pencil and 3 pens in my pencil-case.
There are 3 pencils and 1 pen in my pencil-case.
There are too many rules in our class.
There is one pair of shoes in the box.
There are three people in the room.
There is some fruit on the desk.

There be句型否定句式的构成和含有be动词 的其它句型一样,在be后加上“not”。也可 用“no”来表示。即:
no + n.(名词)= not a\an\any + n.(名词) 例如:
There is an orange in her bag. →There isn’t an orange in her bag. →There is no orange in her bag.
There are some apples on the desk. → There are not any apples on the desk. → There are no apples on the desk.

There be结构的一般疑问句变化只需把be动 词移到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可。例如:
There is some money in her handbag. → Is there any money in her handbag? (疑问句和否定句中,some改为any, something改为anything.)
There is something new in today’s newspaper.
→There isn’t anything new in today’s newspaper.
→Is there anything new in today’s newspaper?

自学内容 对There be句型中的方位介词短语提问时,常 用where.如:There is a park on Green Street.
→Where is a park?(去掉there)
对there be句型中的主语提问时,常省略there。 如:There is a desk in the teacher’s room.
→What’s in the teacher’s room? There are two pens in the pencil case. →What’s in the pencil case? (注意常用单数)

1. —There ___A____a lot of meat on the plate. Would you like some?
—Just a little, please. A. is B. are C. am D. be
2. There ___B____ some books and a ruler on the desk.
A. is B. are C. have D. has

there be 句型和have的区别 例如:I have a lot of books.
我有许多书。 There is some juice in the bottle. 杯里有些果汁。
there be 表示某处有某物,have 表示某 人有某物 (它表示所有、拥有关系)。

用have/has, there is/ there are, are there /is there 填空:
1. I_h_a_v_e____ a good father and a good mother.
2. __T_h__er_e__is__a telescope(望远镜) on the desk. 3. He__h_a_s_____ a tape-recorder. 4. _T__h_e_r_e_i_s____ a basketball on the playground. 5. She___h_a_s_____ some dresses.

6. They___h_a_v_e_____ a nice garden. 7. What do you __h_a_v_e______? 8. __I_s_t_h_e_r_e_____ a reading-room in the building?
9. What does Mike__h_a_v_e______? 10. ____A_r_e_t_h_e_r_e___ any books in the bookcase?

2. The pay phone is next to the library. 公用电话在图书馆旁边。 next to 意为“接*;在……旁边,挨 着……的”。这是一个介词短语,其后常 接表示场所、顺序、价值的名词。
My desk is next to Kate’s. 我的桌子在凯特的邻*。
Which is the town next to London in size? 哪座城市在面积上仅次于伦敦?
I am standing next to my mom. 我正站在我妈妈旁白

3. The pay phone is between the post office and the library. 公用电话在邮局和图书馆之间。
between ... and ... 意为“在……和……之 间”,既可以表示地点的概念,也可以表 示时间的概念。
There is no parking between 9 am and 6 pm. 上午9时至下午6时禁止停放机动车辆。
He sits between Row 3 and Row 5. 他坐在3排和5排之间。

注意: between是介词,后接人称代词时,该人
称代词必须用宾格形式
You sit between him and me. 你坐在我和他之间。

2d 知识点 1.excuse me. 对不起,抱歉,打扰一下。主
要用于询问事情前的礼貌用语。并非真的 伤害到了别人而道歉。
sorry 对不起。由于自己的某种行为伤害 到了别人或给别人带去了困扰,因此到道 歉的用语。

2d 知识点 2. How can I help you?
我可以帮您做些什么?/我可以怎么帮你吗? 这是一句向他人伸出援手、主动提出
帮助的套语,此句还可说成:How could I help you? 或How may I help you?类似 的套语还有:
May I help you? (Could/ Can I help you?) Do you need any help? Is there anything I can help (you) with? Is there anything I can do for you? What can I do for you?

3. I’m new in town. 我新来此地。 town 表示“所居住的地方”或城市里的 “闹市区;城里”,为不可数名词。例如:
Is there a good place to eat here? I’m
from out of town. 这儿有吃饭的好地方吗?我对这里不熟
(我是外乡人)。
My parents are not at home. They’re
shopping in town. 我父母不在家,他们在城里买东西呢。

4.Is there a bank around here?这周围有一家 银行吗?
around 介词 在···周围 There are so many angry people standing around you.
Is there a house around here?

5. It’s across from the park.它在邮局对面。
across from 在……对面
across,cross,crossing的区别 across 介词. The post office is just across from the club. 邮局就在那俱乐部对面。 cross v. 穿过,横穿 When you cross the street, you
can see a park. crossing n. 十字路口 There is a crossing over there.

6. It’s not too far from here.它距离这不很远(做 表语)
far adv. 远 far=far away (其后不加名词) She lives far away 她住的很远。(做状语)
far from +n =far away from + n 距离···很远 She lives far away from the school.(做状语) My house is far away from the school.(做表语)

7.I can walk with you. 我可以和你一起走。 with 介词 表伴随,同某人一起。 walk with sb 同某人一起走。 play with sb同某人一起玩。 go to school with sb 同某人一起去学校。
8.Thanks so much=Thanks very much. (Thanks = Thank you) 均表示非常感谢。

练*
用across from, next to或between … and 完成 下列句子。
1. 学校在书店的对面。 The school is ___a_c_r_o_s_s_f_rotmhe bookshop.
2. 我坐在他旁边。 I sit ______n_e_x_t_to_ him.
3. 我们把这个书桌放在床和椅子之间。 Let’s put the desk ___b_e_t_wetehne bed ___a_n_d
the chair.



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